July 15, 2024

All New Cars Sold in California to be EVs, Plug-In Hybrids by 2035

3 min read
All New Cars Sold in California to be EVs, Plug-In Hybrids by 2035

Outside of California, the new rule, known as Advanced Clean Cars II, could have a significant impact on what future cars will be available at dealerships across the country because of the state’s enormous power over the auto industry. About one-eighth of all new cars sold in the U.S. are registered in California. In addition, now that the rule has been approved, other states that stay in line with California’s emissions rules—so-called “CARB states”—are likely to follow suit. They are Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and Washington D.C. 

“As interest in clean transportation technology grows, it is important that we give consumers the resources they need to gain access to clean transportation technologies,” says Dylan Jaff, policy analyst at Consumer Reports. “This common-sense rule is a critical tool to bring an increased array of zero-emission vehicle options to California consumers, increasing their ability to reduce their carbon footprint. As other states choose to adopt the rule, they will also see a greater variety of clean vehicle options for consumers, ranging in affordability and vehicle class.”

The rule isn’t an outright ban on gas-powered cars. It doesn’t have any requirements for used cars, nor does it have an impact on any of the many gas-powered vehicles that will still be on the road 13 years from now.

In addition, it will allow for up to 20 percent of new vehicles sold after 2035 to be PHEVs, which combine a gas engine and battery-electric drivetrain, and can be filled up at any gas station. Fuel-cell vehicles, such as the Toyota Mirai and Hyundai Nexo, are considered EVs and will be allowed. CR estimates that between 50 percent and 60 percent of vehicles on California roads will still have a gasoline engine in 2035.

The rule also sets interim targets that will likely increase demand for EVs. By 2026, 35 percent of new passenger vehicles must meet zero-emissions rules, increasing to 68 percent by 2030. Shoppers in the market now for a new EV will find cars with longer ranges, lower prices, and quicker charging times than ever before. CR has counted 31 EVs that can already go more than 250 miles on a single charge, with prices that start below $27,000.

Learn more about EVs with CR’s guide to electric cars.

In addition, as new requirements from Europe and China increasingly favor electric vehicles, automakers are already working to develop new EVs that they will be able to sell in multiple markets, which should help bring prices down, says Chris Harto, senior energy policy analyst at CR. 

“We’re starting to see the auto market hit tipping points all over the world,” he says. It’s leading to a virtuous cycle where automaker investments are leading to greater consumer choice, which is driving increasing consumer demand, and rapid increases in EV sales.”

Similar rules have already been proposed or enacted by multiple European Union countries, the United Kingdom, Canada, China, Costa Rica, Egypt, India, Israel, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan.

“The auto industry and companies across the supply chain have made it clear that zero-emission vehicles are the way of the future, and we urge these states and others to now adopt this pragmatic solution to help foster the market and guide this transition,” said Alli Gold Roberts, senior director of state policy at Ceres, a nonprofit organization for sustainable business development, in a statement.

Those forthcoming models will also include pickup trucks and SUVs, the most popular vehicle types in the U.S., which are sure to add to existing consumer demand that’s already driving EV adoption.

“While some of it is policy-driven, we’re starting to see the consumer take over in many markets,” Harto says. For example, in California and in the U.S. overall, current EV sales are already well ahead of what’s required by existing regulation, and many automakers have already made commitments to electrifying their lineups.

https://www.consumerreports.org/cars/hybrids-evs/california-all-new-vehicles-sold-must-be-evs-plug-in-hybrids-a5735404160/

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